Chemical control measures are one part of a comprehensive and integrated mosquito management program. An integrated program is the most effective way to prevent and control mosquito-borne diseases. An integrated mosquito management program should include several components:
- The ability to use chemical and biological methods to control both mosquito larvae and adult mosquitoes
- Community outreach and public education
- Reduction of mosquito breeding sites
- Surveillance (monitoring levels of mosquito activity, and where virus transmission is occurring)
Control measures, including the decision to use chemical adulticides (pesticides to kill adult mosquitoes), should be based on surveillance data and the risk of human disease.