While it is true that certain types of birds and bats eat mosquitoes, putting up bird and bat houses on your property will not necessarily help prevent the transmission of the West Nile Virus. Several agencies have tried to control mosquitoes by using birds, bats, dragonflies, and frogs. However, according to the American Mosquito Control Association, there is no proof that bats, purple martins, or other animals that eat insects are able to eat enough adult mosquitoes to make a difference.
One reason for this is because purple martins fly and eat during the day and most mosquitoes are active at night. In addition, most bats eat June bugs and moths but do not eat mosquitoes. Also, bats can transmit the rabies virus, and encouraging them to live in your yard could pose a health risk to your family and neighbors.