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Every 10 years, the federal government conducts a population count of everyone in the U.S. Data from the census provides the basis for distributing more than $675 billion in federal funds annually to communities across the country to support vital programs impacting:
It is also used to redraw the boundaries of congressional and state legislative districts and accurately determine the number of congressional seats each state has in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Responding to the census is not only your civic duty; it also affects the amount of funding your community receives, how your community plans for the future, and your representation in government. Specifically, data from the 2020 Census is used to:
Beginning in mid-March, you will receive a notice in the mail to complete the 2020 Census. You can respond online. April 1, 2020 is the official beginning of the 2020 Census. Once you receive it, you can respond online. In May, the U.S. Census Bureau will begin following up in person with households that haven’t responded to the census.
In 2020, for the first time ever, the U.S. Census Bureau will accept responses online, but you can still respond by phone or mail if you prefer. Responding should take less time than it takes to finish your morning coffee.
The decennial census will collect basic information about the people living in your household. When completing the census, you should count everyone who is living in your household on April 1, 2020. The Census Bureau will never ask for:
Yes! Strict federal law protects your census responses. It is against the law for any Census Bureau employee to disclose or publish any census information that identifies an individual. Census Bureau employees take a lifelong pledge of confidentiality to handle data responsibly and keep respondents’ information private.
The penalty for wrongful disclosure is a fine of up to $250,000 or imprisonment for up to 5 years or both. No law enforcement agency (not the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), FBI or CIA) can access or use your personal information at any time. Data collected can only be used for statistical purposes that help inform important decisions, including how much federal funding your community receives.
The Census Bureau has a robust cyber security program that incorporates industry best practices and federal security standards for encrypting data.
View a sample census form (PDF).
View the following resources:
Yes. To obtain a birth/death certificate by mail, complete and send the application form, available on this site, along with the appropriate fee, payable to Denton County Clerk, to:Attn: Birth/Death Records1450 E McKinney StreetDenton, TX 76209
Birth and Death Certificate Application - English (PDF)
Acceptable payment options are:
Certain rules, restrictions and fees apply to credit card use. Please call our office for details if paying by credit card. Please provide a legible return address and daytime telephone number in your request.
Download the application for birth/death certificate in English (PDF) or Español (PDF).
The forms you print must be clear and sharp. Applications that are blurred or illegible will not be accepted. They must be printed in black print on white paper. The paper must be 8 1/2 inches by 11 inches, with no holes or perforations, at least medium (20 pound) weight, and with a matte surface. Thermal paper, dye-sublimation paper, special inkjet paper, and other shiny-papers are not acceptable. You need Adobe Acrobat Reader to download the application forms.
Qualified applicants include:
An applicant must provide all necessary information and show proper identification prior to obtaining the certificate.
Any Texas birth certificate may be purchased in Denton County. This office uses a remote access system to the State’s records dating, at this time from 1926 to the present. However, births are not usually available on the computer system for approximately 3 weeks after the date of birth.
$23 per certified copy.
$21 for the first copy and $4 for each additional copy.
The information required is the same for either a birth or death certificate and is as follows:
A Funeral Home Director may contact Stacy Trantham, the Department Supervisor, in order to request this permit.
Constables are constitutionally authorized peace officers. Constables have the same arrest powers and duties as municipal police officers and sheriffs and have the added responsibility of executing civil process for the courts.
Constables and their deputies have all the responsibility of any peace officer in the state. They may write citations, make arrests, conduct investigations, and file criminal charges. Where they differ is that they have additional enforcement responsibility that regular street officers are not charged with.
The mission of this office is to serve as judicial officers for our courts. Our responsibilities include executing warrants and serving processes that are directed to the constable including eviction actions and seizing property. A constable executes any civil or criminal process throughout the county including:
The Texas Commission on Law Enforcement Officer Standards and Education (TCLEOSE) requires that every commissioned Texas Peace Officer in the State of Texas continue their training and education by taking at least the required forty-hours every two-year cycle. Every Peace Officer in the State of Texas attends a Police Academy and must take their TCLEOSE exam. The State also requires that every applicant take a medical and psychological exam. Continuing education courses include:
Property Sales are only held when Writ of Execution/Orders of Sale are issued from the District, County, or Justice of the Peace Courts in reference to judgments. Sales are not always scheduled each month. Real property is required by Texas law to be sold on the first Tuesday of the month. All counties have sales on the same day.
We advertise the sales in the Denton Record Chronicle on the three Wednesdays prior to the first Tuesday of the month if there is a sale set.
On the date of sale, just prior to start of sale, bidders must: sign in, present current tax form showing they do not owe any ad valorem taxes, and receive bidder number. All of these conditions must be met in order to bid on property. You or your representative must be present in person for the sale.
Is there a deposit required before the sale? Denton County requires payment in the form of a cashier’s check or money order for the total amount that was bid. Payment plans are not accepted. Payment is not required at the time of purchase. However, the total amount must be paid by 4 p.m. on the day of sale unless special arrangements are made with the Constable’s Department. (Special arrangements are sometimes made if the buyer banks out of state) No deposit is required before the sale.
It is an open/oral bid process.
A Constable’s Deed is issued to the purchaser within 10 days.
All the expenses are included in the opening bid; however there may be additional taxes due on the property that have accrued since the judgment was rendered.
All the property is sold to the public.
Where are the sales posted? The sale notices are posted at the Denton County Courts Building and Frisco Government Center (5533 FM 423, Frisco TX 75036)
No, these are conducted by the trustees or attorneys for the lending institutions involved with the loans. These types of sales are also held on the first Tuesday of the month and are posted at the Denton County Courts Building.
Where are the sales posted? The sale notices are posted at the Denton County Courts Building and 400 N Valley Parkway 75067.
According to the state laws that govern County finances, all requests for payment from the County must be presented to the County Auditor. The County Auditor is to see that all laws regarding County finances have been complied with before a bill is paid. This means that we check all bills to see that they are for legal purchases, that they are within budget, that all purchasing policies have been followed and that they are authorized by the appropriate elected official or department head.
Our Accounts Payable Department works on a weekly cycle. Checks are processed each Tuesday after the bills are approved by the Commissioners Court. We currently process between 300 and 400 checks each week. After the checks are processed in the County Auditor’s office, they are transferred to the County Treasurer who is the legal disbursing officer of the County.
As mentioned above, the County Auditor’s office must thoroughly review all invoices before they can be processed for payment. For payment for goods, we need to see that the invoice was initiated by a valid purchase order. We also need to know the department and account number to charge the payment to. We need to see that there is a sufficient budget in the line item to cover the charges. And finally, we need departmental authorization (a signed receiving record) in order to be certain that the invoice is ready to be processed.
Our office operates under the Prompt Payment Act which is a state law that requires us to pay our bills within 30 days of receiving a valid invoice. Unless there is a problem with a bill, we almost always meet this deadline. In order to compile the paperwork, review the charges, enter the information on the computer and prepare a report of bills early enough for the Commissioners Court to review, we need a minimum of 10 days from the time we receive an invoice until the check is cut. We always make every effort to process payments to reimburse employees for expenses as quickly as possible.
According to our policies, all invoices should be mailed directly to the County Auditor. However, in practice many vendors deliver their invoice to the department that receives the merchandise. Bills often get misplaced or lost in transit from office to office. When this happens, the Accounts Payable department of the County Auditor’s office needs to be informed. We can then contact the vendor for a copy of the missing document.
There are currently five people working in the Accounts Payable department. Gwenn McKeehan is the Accounts Payable supervisor. The phone number for Accounts Payable is 940-349-3120. Gwenn or any member of the Accounts Payable staff will be glad to work with you in resolving any problems you have.
Family members, friends, and relatives of a criminal defendant often experience frustration because the lawyer refuses to discuss with them the pending criminal case. This is often due to the lawyer’s ethical obligations to the client. The Texas State Bar Rules and the "Texas Rules of Evidence" govern the circumstances under which a lawyer may reveal confidential information.
In criminal cases, a defendant and the lawyer have a privilege to refuse to disclose and to prevent any other person from disclosing confidential communications made for the purpose of facilitating the rendition of professional legal services. Furthermore, in criminal cases, a client has a privilege to prevent the lawyer from disclosing any fact which came to the knowledge of the lawyer by reason of the attorney-client relationship.
Friends, family, and relatives of a criminal defendant often wish to speak with the defense attorney about the facts of a particular case. The attorney may choose to discuss a particular case, in general terms, with individuals after consent has been given by the client. These discussions may involve the general nature of the particular criminal accusation, the criminal justice and court systems, and other basic types of information that do not involve confidential or privileged information.
Often, an apparent conflict arises between the lawyer and the person or persons who are paying the attorney on behalf of a criminal defendant. Sometimes, the person or persons who are paying the attorney believe they are entitled to receive any information from the attorney regarding a criminal case. This is often the situation in a juvenile case. Third parties must recognize that the lawyer’s duties regarding the privilege of confidential information is the same, whether the lawyer is "court-appointed’ or has been hired by friends or family. Even if the accused is a juvenile, the lawyer may not reveal confidential information to anyone, including the parents or guardians of the juvenile. Lawyers are prohibited from taking payment of fees into account in representing their client: the defendant or juvenile.
Under certain circumstances, an accused, or criminal defendant, may authorize his or her lawyer to discuss a case with third persons. Any such authorization will usually involve only unprivileged client information, and then only in the event of express authorization by the client.
Third persons must recognize that the attorney-client privilege may be waived, or lost, if privileged communications are revealed or disclosed to others. Another area of concern is friends or family members who call the attorney on the telephone with requests for information. It should be recognized that the attorney often does not know the identity of the person or persons on the telephone. Most attorneys will simply refuse to discuss a client’s case over the telephone with persons the attorney does not know. Attorneys will often allow a family member to schedule an appointment to discuss, in general terms, a client’s case, if the client has given express authorization to do so.
No, cases will not be reset over the phone for any reason.
The court staff is not licensed to practice law and cannot give legal advice therefore they are forbidden from answering those types of questions.
Juvenile cases are confidential and online access and access to the entire docket would violate that confidentiality.
Children’s cases in Juvenile Court are confidential. There is no way to guarantee over the phone that the person speaking has a right to the confidential information of a particular child. We would prefer, and are in fact required, to err on the side of caution to protect the rights of the child.
The short answer is: “if you live in Texas, yes.” Pursuant to Section 51.115 of the Texas Family Code (FC), each of you shall attend each hearing in your child’s case unless the following are true for you:
When a Petition and/or Motion to Modify has been filed against your child, the law generally requires that the child be represented by an attorney. Thus, you must employ an attorney for the child. That attorney must be present at the time and date of the Appearance Hearing referenced in the Summons which was served upon you and your child along with the Petition and/or Motion.
Yes, the following rules apply.
Everyone should be attired in a manner enhancing the dignity of the Court. Except with prior permission of the Court, the following are not allowed:
Weapons are not allowed unless you are visiting the court building in your official capacity and that official capacity requires/allows you to carry a weapon.
If you are claiming indigence and an inability to employ an attorney for your child, you must appear in the Juvenile Court within five working days after the date the Petition/Motion was served on your child to show proof of your indigence.
If you are seeking the appointment of an attorney for your child, any and all persons responsible for the support of that child and all adults living in the household must bring to court current year-to-date pay check stubs and the last three years’ tax returns and any and all written documentation to support the claim of indigency or disability.
210 S Woodrow LaneDenton, TX 76205
Mondays through Thursdays1:30 pm
Mondays through Fridays9 am
Generally all communications with the judge must be done in open court with all parties present. Please do not attempt to call the judge or contact her by e mail or other method of communication outside of court.
It may be possible to talk to the judge during her "open docket times," which are: Mondays through Thursdays1 pm
Please contact the court administrator to make sure the judge will be in on the day that you are planning to attend the "open docket."
Under Section 54.041 of the Texas Family Code (FC), the Court can, upon a finding of delinquency or a finding of a child in need of supervision, enter orders that affect adults, including ordering them to do any act reasonable and necessary for the welfare of the child or to refrain from doing any act that is injurious to the welfare of the child. These orders can require an adult to make financial restitution for damages or injuries resulting from the child’s actions and an adult could be ordered to attend a class such as a G.E.D, E.S.L. or parenting skills course. Further, an adult can be ordered to pay the following fees:
These orders are enforceable by Civil Contempt proceedings, which could result in confinement in jail for a period not to exceed six months and/or a fine up to $500.
You may find your court date or the status of your case by visiting the Denton County Records Inquiry website.
The court staff is not licensed to practice law and cannot give legal advice, therefore they are prohibited from answering certain questions.
In criminal cases, a defendant and the lawyer have a privilege to refuse to disclose and to prevent any other person from disclosing confidential communications made for the purpose of facilitating the rendition of professional legal services. Furthermore, in criminal cases, a client has a privilege to prevent the lawyer from disclosing any fact by reason of the attorney-client relationship.
Copies can be obtained through the Denton County Clerk’s office.
Please return the check to:Denton County Treasurer1 Courthouse Drive, Suite 1400Denton, TX 76208Attn. Jury
Please be sure to note the charity you wish to donate to. View a list of available charities.
Payment for juror service is processed in approximately 2 to 3 weeks. All payments are mailed.
Jurors received $6 for the first day they appear. Each day thereafter, jurors are paid $40 per day.
Please contact Jury Services at 940-349-2230 or 972-434-8830. They will research their records and if additional payment is due notify our office. Payment will be sent in approximately 2 weeks. A check for an additional amount would be issued; the original check could be cashed at any time.
If a check has not been received after 3 weeks, please contact our office at 940-349-3150 or 972-434-8855. We will check if the payment has been returned by the United States Postal Service (USPS). Otherwise, there is a 30-calendar day waiting period before a new check can be issued.
Checks are considered void and forfeited at 90 days from the date of issuance. We will not replace checks that are 90 days or older. According to Tex. Gov. Code § 61.001(f)(1)(2):(f) A reimbursement for expenses under this section is not a property right of a person who reports for jury service for purposes of Chapters 72 and 74, Property Code. If a check, instrument, or other method of payment authorized under Section 113.048, Local Government Code, representing a reimbursement under this section is not presented for payment or redeemed before the 90th day after it is issued: (1) the instrument or other method of payment is considered forfeited and is void; and (2) the money represented by the instrument or other method of payment may be placed or
retained in the county's jury fund, the county's general fund, or any other fund in which county funds can be legally placed, at the discretion of the commissioners court.
It is the right thing to do. It is the smart thing to do. Veterans are valuable community assets and, by their example, can help improve volunteerism and service for the benefit of all Denton County residents.
It is the fiscally prudent thing to do. Veterans who cannot overcome barriers to employment and who fail to successfully re-integrate back into civilian life can become a drain on social, medical, and legal services.
Collectively, we have the opportunity to foster a new "Greatest Generation" of veterans who will make our county and our country stronger.
Yes, you must go to court. If you fail to do so, the judge may impose a fine or a jail sentence. Be sure to bring your subpoena with you to court.
A public record is a document regardless of physical form or characteristic and regardless of whether public access to it is open or restricted under the laws of the state, created or received by the county or any of its officers or employees pursuant to law or in the transaction of public business are records. Forms of public records can be:
Each record is regulated and has its own disposition/retention schedule, which indicates the minimum length of time the record must be kept. A record’s retention period is based on its administrative, fiscal, legal or historical value.
No! A fine is accessed when a criminal case is filed.
Yes! A District Attorney Hot Check Fee is accessed and a Merchant Fee of $30 is added to each check.
No! Paying the checks or enrolling on the Payment Plan is only one step in taking care of your case. You will need an attorney to assist you with any Felony Hot Check Cases.
You may download the Records Request Form (PDF) or the form is available in the District Clerks office. The form must be completed in its entirety. Include the cause number, names of the parties involved, date(s) of the document(s), and name(s) of the document(s). If you do not know this information you can do a public record search at the site of Denton County Records Inquiry. All documents which have been filed are listed on the case and updated as soon as the document is entered on the case management system.
Due to COVID-19 our office has initiated specific COVID-19 protocols in effort to protect our staff and reduce potential exposure. This office will not be fulfilling record/copy requests received at our front-counter immediately or while a requester waits. These measures have been put in place to minimize foot-traffic and prolonged time in our front lobby and as a safeguard for both the health and welfare of our staff and the public we serve.
Most of the Judges are available to hear uncontested matters Monday through Friday from 8 am until 9 am. Please keep in mind this is on a first-come, first-served basis. Some judges will hear uncontested matters at other times if they are not in a trial. If a hearing is required, you must contact the court coordinator for the court your case has been assigned and arrange a hearing date. Please make sure you provide the decree or judgment for the Judge to sign and bring at least two additional copies.
Filing fees are dependent on what type of case is being filed and whether you are requesting any documents to be issued. View a list of filing fees (PDF).
The District Clerks office is open Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday from 8 am to 5 pm and Wednesday from 8 am to 4:30 pm. Papers may be filed anytime during these hours.
The District Clerk also accepts e-filed documents and filing may be done through the mail. If you file a document through the mail, make sure you include the correct payment amount. And, keep in mind the District Clerks office does not accept personal checks. Payment on tax cases must be made by credit card, cashier’s check, or money order, only. The mailing address isP.O. Box 2146Denton, TX 76202
The District Clerks office is located in the Denton County Courts Building approximately 1 mile east of the downtown square at:1450 E. McKinneySuite 1200Denton, TX 76209
For cases from 1990 to present, you may perform a search on the public web access at the website of Denton County Records Inquiry. If you do not have internet access, you may send in a written request including any information which will help us to search for your case. Such as the name of the parties, the year the case was filed, the type of case, etc. Or, you may request a search by completing the request form.
There is a $5 fee for each search requested. Please remember if you are requesting the information through the mail, we do not accept personal checks, and please do not send cash.
Please remember the District Clerk does not employ any attorneys in the office, and the clerks are prohibited by law from providing legal advice. You should read the citation and follow the instructions. In most cases, your answer is to be filed in the District Clerk’s Office no later than 10 am on the first Monday, 20 days after you are served. If that Monday is a holiday, your answer would be due on the next business day by 10 am.
You may contact an attorney or research on how to file an answer in the law library located on the 2nd floor of the Courts Building. Or, research how to file an answer on the internet. District Clerk employees are not allowed to recommend attorneys.
All changes must be in writing and will only be accepted by the individual whose information is to be changed. When making any changes, please make sure to include your cause number, your current information, the new information, and when the change takes effect. You may hand-deliver your document, or send it through the mail to:P.O. Box 2146Denton, TX 76202
All payments are sent to the Texas State Disbursement Unit (SDU). You should contact the SDU website and request a copy.
Call the TXSDU Call Center at 800-252-8014. The District Clerks office is able to print a copy of the payments for you, but we are not able to certify the document.
The District Clerk’s Office does not provide any paperwork for filing a case. If you are representing yourself, as your own attorney, you are required to know the rules of the court. And, the administrative rules and the rules for filing your documents as an attorney would. You can find most rules on the internet by searching for Texas Statutes. You may also do your research in the law library located in the Courts Building on the 2nd floor.
Please remember all documents filed within a case are of public record and if you include personal information you should restrict the information to what is required by law.
Hearings are scheduled with the court coordinator for the court your case has been assigned. You may locate the information from the drop-down box on the right-hand side to find the department you are searching for. We do not have any information on the hearing and we are not able to reschedule a hearing for you. If you have questions regarding a hearing, whether it is for a civil, family, or criminal case, you must speak to the court coordinator.
If the hearing involves child support filed with the Attorney General, you will need to contact the Attorney General’s office at 469-241-6500. Or, contact the court coordinator for the Associate Judge at 940-349-2280. The District Clerk’s Office cannot schedule or reschedule a hearing for any courts.
Your document is file-marked with the current date and time and assigned a cause number if a new suit. We will receipt your payment and return any copies to you. If you are requesting issuance, you would need to provide us with enough copies for each party to be served. If you have copies, we will file mark your copies and return them to you. If you provide a proposed order, we will not file mark it until it has been signed by a Judge.
If a payment is due, we will then receipt your payment. The document will be entered on the case management system in your case and scanned. Again, please remember that almost all documents filed in the case are of public record, which makes them available to any person. Please read the rules and include only the information required by law.
Please notify the clerk you would like to be notified when document(s) are filed in your cases. You will need to provide us with a valid email address and the system should notify you any time something occurs within any of your cases. Please make sure you keep the clerk notified in writing of any change in address, phone numbers, or email addresses.
Blue ink makes it easier to identify the original document from a copy.
Yes, if you would like a copy for yourself. Copies must be an exact duplicate of the original. If you do not bring copies, we will make copies for you, but the cost is $1 per page.
Since we scanned all documents filed, we would prefer the original document not to be stapled but paper clipped together. We do request you make sure you have signed your documents and have the documents in order before you hand them to the clerk. We are not allowed to change any document after it has been filed stamped. We will staple the original after it has been entered and scanned on the case management system. You may staple your copies.
We have many forms located on our forms page. The available forms are for requesting issuance, providing information, credit card payments, and state-required forms. We do not provide any forms for filing a suit or documents to be filed within a case.
Yes, the District Clerk’s office now accepts payments online. All credit card payments are subject to a 2.75% fee (minimum fee of $1) which is collected and retained by the credit card company.
Pay online and follow the instructions.
There is a payment drop-box located in the front entrance to the parking lot where you can drop off money orders; please do not ever leave cash. Please make sure you include your cause number on any payments.
The copy request form includes an option for paying by credit card. The copy request form is located on our District Clerk page. There is a link to the form in the middle of the page. Please print, complete and fax to 940-349-2201. If you do not know the cause number a $5 search fee will also be charged.
Yes, with very limited exceptions. E-filing is mandated for almost all documents filed by attorneys. Exceptions are listed in the Supreme Court rules.
Yes. View a list of approved EFSP’s and the services offered.
You must sign up to receive eService on each case individually. E-filing into a case or being the attorney of record does not mean you have signed up for eService.
You will have a "waiver" option for those instances where you are not required to make a payment.
Yes. Each document that needs a file-mark must be added as a separate lead document within a submission (envelope). Attachments are considered and treated as, exhibits to lead documents and are not file-marked.
Yes. Once for each cause number listed on the document.
It will not be. When accepted, your document is entered directly into the Case Management System and may not be altered. Your Notice of Hearing will need to be a separate e-filed submission.
You will need to select the "Proposed Order" as your filing code. Your submission will be forwarded to the court coordinator for review. The coordinator will add a note to the document regarding whether the proposed order will be submitted to the court for signature or will not be signed for some reason. The District Clerk’s office will "accept" the document which will provide you with the information regarding your submission. If the proposed order is signed by the Court, a copy will be emailed for faxed to you.
Please do not e-file orders on a case with a hearing, you will need to present your order to the judge at the hearing. This business process may possibly change so please check back for any updates.
Search by the keyword of your document. Example: Motion, Petition, Request, Affidavit, or Certificate. The clerk will modify your selection to reflect the closest title match for entry into the case management system.
Please call the clerk prior to your submission. A "hold" is placed on the total funds at the time of submission. Although the clerk may have the authority to add additional fees, the amount is not guaranteed therefore your submission will probably be rejected.
Yes. If we are able to cancel service for groups of jurors prior to service, it would be done the day before their appearance date as cases can fall through at any time. If you are summoned for a Monday we will send out reminders and any possible cancellations the Friday before (possibly Thursday if we are closed on a Friday for a holiday). Tuesday jurors should get their reminder or cancellations on the Monday before their appearance date (possibly Friday if we are closed on a Monday for a holiday). If you go online to submit your information after we have already sent out any cancellations, then you may see your status as “Ended” where the system won’t let you submit any information and you would NOT need to report or do anything more. If your status is still “Summoned” then you would still be required to report.
Those jurors who go online at least 2-3 business days before their appearance date to sign up for e-notifications and submit their juror information, would get the text and email notification of any cancellations.
Approximately 20% of prospective jurors are selected for trials. If you are not selected to sit as a juror on a case, you can expect to be released for the week. If you are selected, you will serve for one trial. Surprisingly, the average trial only lasts 1 to 3 days.
Jurors should dress in comfortable but appropriate business casual clothing. Although you are not participating in the trial so you are not the center of attention, you are still part of a solemn court proceeding. Your attire should reflect the seriousness of the occasion. You may wear comfortable but appropriate business casual type clothing. Jurors should NOT wear shorts, mini-skirts, tank tops, flip-flops or hats. You may want to bring a light sweater or jacket to stay warm in the event you are assigned to a courtroom that is kept cold.
Free parking is available all around the building.
You will be required to pass through security at any county buildings in which courts are located. You will not be allowed to bring into the buildings any type of weapons, including pocket knives. Please leave anything that you think might not be allowed in your vehicle or at home.
The following weapons or devices are prohibited on Denton County property:
Any person found on County property with a weapon or device shall have such weapon or device confiscated, can be denied entry to any building, and may be subject to arrest.
The function of the Grand Jury is to evaluate evidence to determine whether or not a person should be formally accused of a specific crime. If an indictment is returned by a Grand Jury accusing a person with a crime, the case will be sent to a trial court. Attorneys assigned to the grand jury review investigations from police agencies, prepare and present the cases to the grand jury.
Assistant criminal district attorneys assigned to grand jury present cases to a grand jury every week. They indicate the kind of offense to be considered, summarize the evidence, call witnesses, and answer questions by grand jurors. After hearing the evidence from the attorney and witnesses, the grand jurors deliberate as a group and vote in secret.
Only members of the grand jury are permitted to be present during the deliberations and voting. The grand jury decides whether sufficient facts are presented to a criminal charge or charges against the person accused. Guilt or innocence is not determined by a grand jury. If at least nine grand jurors vote that a person should be formally charged with a crime, a true bill of indictment is signed by the presiding juror of the grand jury and turned over to the district court. If the evidence is determined to be insufficient, the grand jury may vote a "no bill".
Prospective grand jurors will be selected and summoned in the same manner as for the selection of panels for trial cases in the district courts. From among those prospective grand jurors who are summoned, the court impanels twelve grand jurors and four alternate grand jurors to serve. The law requires courts to impanel grand jurors who are "randomly selected from a fair cross-section of the population of the area served by the court." This means that even if the court summons you, you may or may not be selected to serve. If you are not selected, this is not a reflection on you, but rather the court’s attempt to comply with the requirements of the law.
The laws and rules regarding qualifications are found in Article 19.08 of the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure. To be qualified to serve as a juror you must:
You are not required to claim an exemption even though one might apply to you. If you would like to serve even though you are eligible for an exemption then we certainly appreciate you choosing to do so. The exemptions regarding grand jury are found under Article 1925, Texas Code of Criminal Procedure. You may claim an exemption from grand jury service if:
The court also may determine if a person has a reasonable excuse from service other than those listed.
Unfortunately, persons summoned to appear for potential grand jury service cannot change their appearance date.
Grand jurors are paid for their service. Each prospective grand juror receives $20 for the first day of appearance and then $60 for the second and any subsequent days of appearance. Grand jurors may donate their pay to a number of organizations that have been approved by the Denton County Commissioners Court. A total donation made by both petit and grand jurors to those organizations averages about $75,000 annually.
Unfortunately, your employer is not currently required by Texas state law to pay you while you are serving as a grand juror. However, the law states that an employer cannot terminate your employment for attending grand jury service.
Unfortunately there are no business/self-employment exemptions administered by the state legislature at this time.
Those selected by a district court judge to serve on the grand jury will meet every Thursday for a three-month term.
Please write on the front of the summons envelope or form "Deceased" and return to Jury Services.
The summons needs to be returned indicating that the person does not live at the address. Please write "Please return to sender this person does not live at the address" and then return the envelope back in the mail.
There are no transportation exemptions. You may contact the Denton County Transportation Authority (DCTA) at 940-243-0077. Visit the Denton County Transportation Authority website which includes information regarding the new A-train which runs along I-35 to Denton.
You will be required to pass through security at any county buildings in which courts are located. You will not be allowed to bring into the buildings any type of weapon, including pocket knives. If you are wearing a belt, you will be required to remove it before passing through the metal detector. Please leave at home or in your vehicle anything you think might not be allowed in the building.
The jury wheel, which is the list of potential jurors, comes from two lists:
Every two years, the Voter list and DPS lists are merged by matching the names as best as possible to minimize duplications. The merged list is given to the Denton County District Clerk. The District Clerk “reconstitutes” the jury wheel by providing this new list of names to our software vendor who replaces the old list with the new one. Jurors are then randomly selected and summoned from that new jury wheel for the next two years.
Jurors are paid for their service. Each juror receives $20 for the first day of appearance and $60 for the second and any subsequent days of appearance. Jurors may donate their pay to a number of organizations that have been approved by the Denton County Commissioners Court. Total donations to those organizations averages about $75,000 annually.
Payment is processed at the end of jury service, and a check is mailed to each juror within two to three weeks of their service.
The laws and rules regarding statutory qualifications are found in Section 62.102 of the Government Code. You are qualified to serve as a petit juror in Denton County if you are:
If you believe you are disqualified, you can claim it using the Jury Service E-Response, or mail your summons with the exemption marked to Jury Services, P.O. Box 2146, Denton, TX 76202. You may also fax it to 940-349-2231. All disqualifications are subject to review.
If you are not certain about whether you are disqualified, you may contact the jury office at 940-349-2230 during the hours listed on your jury summons.
You are not required to claim an exemption even though one might apply to you. If you would like to serve even though you are eligible for an exemption, then we certainly appreciate your choice to do so. The Statutes regarding jury duty exemptions are found in Section 62.106 of the Government Code. You may claim an exemption from jury duty if you are:
If you qualify for an exemption, you can claim it using the Jury Service E-Response, or mail your summons with the exemption marked to Jury Services, P.O. Box 2146, Denton, TX 76205. You may also fax it to 940-349-2231. All requests to be exempt are subject to review.
If you are not certain about whether you are exempt, you may contact the jury office at 940-349-2230 during the hours listed on your jury summons.
Yes! Denton County allows every juror one postponement for any reason in order for everyone to have the opportunity to pick a date better suited for their schedule. Once logged in to E-Response you must go through the Disqualification/Exemption page, then complete your juror questionnaire and then once you are back on the DASHBOARD, you will be able to use the Request Schedule Change tab to select from several dates available and reschedule yourself. Or you may call Jury Services and one of the jury staff will assist you with your request. If you sign up for e-notifications, an email and text will be sent letting you know your request is accepted.
Before choosing to reschedule your service please understand that you are limited to just one change so please be sure that you choose your new appearance date carefully.
Postponement requests can also be made by calling Jury Services at 940-349-2230.
Denton County will try to accommodate anyone with a medical problem or a disability to help them complete their jury service.
However, any juror with a physical or mental impairment who wishes to be excused may request so by submitting the Affidavit for Exemption (PDF) and returning them to Jury Services by uploading to our website or by faxing them to 940-349-2231. Your request will be submitted to a judge and you will be notified if your request is granted or denied.
Jurors are paid for their service. Each juror receives $20 for the first day of appearance and $60 for the second and any subsequent days of appearance. Jurors may donate their pay to a number of organizations that have been approved by the Denton County Commissioners Court. Total donations to those organizations averages 75,000 annually.
The law does not require that your employer pay you while you are on jury duty, though many choose to do so. The law does require that your employer allow you time off from work to fulfill your jury service obligations, and you cannot be discharged from your job for being on jury duty. If your employer does not comply with the law, civil and criminal sanctions may apply.
Unfortunately, there are no business/self-employment exemptions administered by the state legislature at this time.
There are no transportation exemptions. If you have not been rescheduled before, then you may request a postponement in order to make better arrangements to appear. You may also contact the Denton County Transportation Authority (DCTA) at 940-243-0077. You may also visit the DCTA website which includes information regarding the new A-train.
We will provide you with proof of your appearance in court when you are discharged from jury service. If you failed to get one or lost the one you got from the court, you can log back in to Jury Service E-Response and there will be a Service Certificate tab where you can print a new work certificate.
Unfortunately, your employer is not currently required by Texas state law to pay you while you are serving jury duty. However, the law states that an employer cannot terminate your employment for attending jury service.
Access our main GIS web mapping application by visiting the Landmark website. Additionally, custom web applications and interactive maps are available on "GIS Data Hub".
Yes. Printed maps are available for pickup at our office. Please see our map products page to view and download available PDFs. Limit 2 per print request. Users can also create and print letter-sized PDFs through the Landmark application.
GIS data is available for download on our GIS Data Hub site. Quickly search data, or explore through different categories.
Please call 888-636-4681, ext. 201 to retrieve your username/password.
You may view job announcements at the following locations:
For Denton County positions you may complete a job application online. If this is your first time using the online application, you will need to create an account and select a username and password. After creating your account, you will be able to login and build an application. This application will be saved so that you may use it to apply for multiple jobs if you desire. This is a secured site, and only authorized County employees have access to your information.
If you do not have an email account, you can sign up for a free account at Hotmail, Yahoo! Mail or Gmail.
For all Texas Commission on Law Enforcement Standards and Education (TCLEOSE) licensed (law enforcement) positions you are required to be a U.S. Citizen. However, for all other County positions, you must be authorized to work in the United States.
There is no limit to the number of positions you may apply for.
If you do not have access to a computer, you may go to a public library, Texas Workforce Commission, or come to the Human Resources Department. Note: there is only one computer for public use in Human Resources. Staff will be available to assist you. You may also utilize a kiosk located at the following location:Denton County Courts Building1450 E McKinney StreetSecond FloorDenton, Texas 76209-4524Phone: 940-349-2130Phone: 972-434-8821Fax: 940-349-2131
HoursMonday through Friday8 am to 5 pm
No, we only accept applications for jobs that we are currently recruiting for. However, you may be able to complete a Job Interest Notification Card for jobs that you might wish to apply for. This interest card will remain on file or "open" for 12 months. You will be notified by email once a job you have expressed interest in is posted.
View a complete listing of Denton County Job Descriptions.
We do not accept resumes in lieu of a completed application. However, you may attach a resume or other required documents to your online application.
Once you have established your account, you may access check your account status at the GovernmentJobs website. Or, by clicking the "Application Status" button located in the navigation pane to the left of this page. You may check the status of your application(s), update your application(s), or create a new application, and view all jobs that you have applied for.
If you have successfully submitted an application online, you will receive a confirmation by email immediately.
You may update your application at anytime once you have created your online account. If you need to update your contact information on an application that has already been submitted, you may complete our online Updated Contact Information Request Form.
While every effort is made to fill positions as quickly as possible, many factors determine the time it takes to fill a position. This includes the period of time the position is posted, the number of applications received, and the schedule of the person(s) responsible for screening and interviewing applicants.
We discourage applicants from contacting the hiring department until they have been selected for an interview. Human Resources prepares an eligibility list of qualified applicants which is forwarded to the hiring department. After reviewing the eligibility list, the hiring department decides which applicants to interview.
Each department also selects the individual(s) who will conduct the actual interview. If you are contacted for an interview, you may inquire as to whom to send a cover letter, or simply present one at the interview.
A criminal conviction will not automatically disqualify you from employment. Unless the position you have applied for requires that the incumbent have no criminal record due to the nature of the position.
Denton County performs background checks on those individuals applying for safety or security-sensitive positions as well as other County positions.
The heir must provide proof of will or family agreement along with death certificate.
Yes, however, the proper use of a brand is the parent/guardian’s responsibility.
The Denton County Mental Health Treatment Court is divided into three phases. Participants must successfully complete each phase to the satisfaction of the Treatment Team before moving into the next phase. Progression through the program will depend upon the participant’s performance and success of their treatment. The ultimate goal of Mental Health Treatment Court is to give participants the foundation they need to maintain their recovery and reintegrate into their families and communities.
Complete the Mental Health Treatment Court Application Booklet (PDF) and return it to the defense attorney, prosecutor, or referring agency contacts the MHTC Prosecutor Matt Wiebe, at 940-349-2188 to seek admission.
Current offense must be related to significant, documented mental illness. Misdemeanors and non-violent, low level felony offenses will be considered. Some prior criminal history is acceptable. However, offenders with violent or injurious felony history, significant assaultive history or drug distribution history will not be considered. All criminal history is evaluated on a case-by-case basis. All applicants will undergo psychiatric evaluation.
Participants will attend court every other Thursday at 8:30 am in County Criminal Court Number 5. Each participant will develop and follow and individualized treatment plan. Treatment, counseling and other assistance services are provided by outside agencies. Participants are referred to these agencies throughout the program as needed. Successful participants advance through phases reflecting their treatment progress, stability and growth.
A supervision officer will monitor each participant in the program, working closely with the participant to monitor and assist in their progress. Milestones and positive achievements are rewarded, setbacks and non-compliance result in sanctions or removal from program. Participants who successfully completed each phase and graduate from the program will have their case dismissed and will be eligible for an agreed expunction.
The plaintiff filed a document with the court claiming there is an issue that needs to be resolved. You can access the claim on the Activity tab or the Attachments tab. The plaintiff may have also uploaded additional documents to further help you understand what the claim is about.
Once the judge assigns the cases to mediation, both parties are required to participate. If either party has a legitimate reason to not participate, a motion can be made for the judge to withdraw the requirement and a hearing will be set to make that determination. You may discuss any issues on the Activity tab or you may end the online dispute resolution process at any time if there is a stalemate in the negotiations. If you do not reach an agreement before the 30th day, you will receive a notice from the court with your scheduled trial date and time.
If you come to an agreement, Modria will generate an agreed judgment and both parties will electronically sign it. Once the court receives the agreed judgment, the judge will review and sign it. Once signed, each party will be sent a copy and no appearance at court is required.
The information you provide during your negotiation is secure and confidential. Your final agreement; however, is public record just as any other court judgment is.
A signed agreement document will be available. Both parties must do what you agreed to do or you can come back to court to ask for help.
Using the Online Resolution Center is funded by court costs and does not cost the litigants anything additional.
If you have additional documents that you think can help the other party better understand your concerns or your offer, you can upload them on the Attachments tab.
If you do not find a solution within 30 days, your case will be set for trial.
Once the judge assigns the cases to mediation, both parties are required to participate. If either party has a legitimate reason to not participate, a motion can be made for the judge to withdraw the requirement and a hearing will be set to make that determination.
You are required to participate in the process. If the amount in your petition is the only amount you will accept, you can place that as your offer. You may discuss any issues with the defendant on the Activity tab or you may end the online dispute resolution process at any time if there is a stalemate in the negotiations. If you and the defendant do not reach an agreement before the 30th day, you will receive a notice from the court with your scheduled trial date and time.
Provide your Certificate of Filing with the Secretary of State. If you do not have it, you can find it on the Texas Secretary of State website at https://direct.sos.state.tx.us/acct/acct-login.asp If you are a sole proprietor, you can provide a DBA, first state bank statement, first income tax or sales tax filing, or a professional license.
You can send questions via email to OPENgrants@dentoncounty.gov.
Yes. You have to call the county or view the Controlled Burn Log website to find out if it is a good burn day. Occasionally, controlled burns will be prohibited due to the danger of wildland fire and/or for purposes of protecting air quality. The decision to allow or restrict controlled burning is made each morning and not before. During ozone season, additional restrictions may apply.
Secondly, the information we record about where you are burning and how to contact you is accessible by the County’s 9-1-1 dispatchers. In the event someone phones 9-1-1 to report smoke or flames, the dispatchers can check the burn log for the area. We are attempting to alleviate costly and unnecessary trips made by the local fire departments. However, if a fire department is dispatched to your location and you have your permit, have logged your burn with us, and are burning appropriate materials, you have done all you can do to prevent the emergency response. Sometimes these responses are unavoidable.
During a county-wide burn ban (aka Order Restricting Open Burning) or Disaster Declaration due to drought conditions or periods of high fire danger, recreational fires is strictly prohibited.
When a burn ban has been lifted, recreational fires are allowed with certain restrictions. Bonfires do require a permit that is used one time. Campfires, fires restricted to 2 feet by 2 feet in size do not require permits nor do you have to report them to the county.
As a courtesy, you can alert your local fire department. Please be mindful of your smoke in evening hour burns; winds usually die down in the evening and campfire smoke does not disperse into the atmosphere as easily and can offend your neighbors.
Along with other conditions considered, controlled burning can be allowed when wind speeds are between 6 and 23 miles per hour. If you are uncomfortable with the wind speeds or if you have any concerns about the safety of executing a controlled burn even though the determination has been made to allow controlled burning, by all means, do not begin a fire. Wind speeds can vary in different areas of the county. However, the decision to allow or restrict burning must apply to the entire county. Always use your own good judgment and never begin a fire that you feel you may not be able to control.
No, please call 940-349-2840.
Call 911 to report burning violations. Any time you have concerns about a fire close to your home, structures, or near animals, contact the 911 dispatchers. Let them decide whether or not to send the fire department. Your call may be one of several calls received about the same fire and can influence the decision regarding extinguishment. If someone else’s smoke is causing you discomfort, it is within your right to ask to have the burn stopped, if it is possible to do so. Be a courteous neighbor and expect no less from your neighbors.
The burn site must be a least 300 feet from residential, recreational, commercial, or industrial areas, except if located on the property where the burn is to take place. On your own property, fires in approved containers that are not less than 25 feet from a structure are allowable.
Burning on a “no-burn day” is illegal and you can be fined.
Burning prohibited materials in a controlled burn is punishable by fines ranging from $250 to $2000 or more and possible incarceration.
Yes! Damage resulting from a fire that you begin is your responsibility. If the property is damaged or a life is lost because of a fire you started, you can be responsible for damages, fined heavily, and/or incarcerated. There may be criminal and civil charges filed.
Permits are required for outdoor welding only when a county-wide burn ban is in place for drought conditions or extreme fire danger
Call 940-349-2840 and listen carefully to the voice mail message. It will guide you to learn if it is a “good burn day” and if so, will prompt you to leave your permit number, your name, your address, etc. When you call, you’ll hear, "Sorry, today is not a burn day. Thank you. Goodbye." or "Today is a burn day. Please record your information when prompted."
You may also view the Controlled Burn page.
During the week when the Emergency Services Office is open, you may reach one of the staff members to answer questions or to log your burn. You may use the automated voice mail system during the week also. The Denton County Sheriff’s Office will no longer be taking calls regarding controlled burn information.
A person whose license has been suspended for a cause other than a physical or mental disability or impairment or a conviction under Section 49.04 Penal Code, may apply for an occupational license. (Trans Code 521.242(a)) An ODL cannot be granted for a commercial driver license. (Trans Code 521.242(f))
No more than 2 ODLs may be issued to any one person in a ten-year period.
If your license is suspended for a DWI conviction, you are not eligible to apply for an ODL in the Justice Court.
The person must file a verified petition in the county or justice court precinct where the person resides or where the offense occurred for which the license was suspend.The person has not been issued, in the past 10 years preceding the date of the filing of the petition, more than 1 ODL after a conviction under the laws of this state.
The Justice of the Peace can hear lawsuits against individuals or companies for money damages, (up to a maximum of $10,000), suffered as a result of accidents, property damage, or breach of a contract or agreement. Justices of the Peace also hear "forcible detainer cases" - commonly referred to as "evictions". Civil cases are filed in the Justice Court in one of the following categories.
Refer to the Civil Suits page for details on each category.
Legal representation is not required to appear in Justice Court Suits. With the promulgation of the new Rules of Civil Procedure for Justice Courts, it has made it much easier for the ordinary citizen to litigate their claim without the need for an attorney. The new rules are available online or at any Justice of the Peace office.
Justice Courts have jurisdiction of:
Most frequently, cases are filed by law enforcement agencies, such as the Sheriff, the police department, the Department of Public Safety, Parks and Wildlife, and others.
Sometimes citizens desire to file a criminal complaint directly with the Justice Court. You will be required to complete a sworn affidavit and supply the names and addresses of the defendant and any witnesses. The District Attorney will have to prosecute the complaint on your behalf. You may be asked to meet with an Assistant District Attorney to determine if there has been any law broken and if there is sufficient evidence to prosecute the case.
Again, it is not required that you be represented by legal counsel. However the State of Texas will be represented by the office of the Denton County District Attorney. You are certainly free to hire a lawyer to represent you in Court. However, if you cannot afford an attorney, no lawyer will be appointed for you because the offenses within the Justice Court’s jurisdiction are punishable by fine only (and not by imprisonment).
The following offense(s) may be dismissed with proper proof and/or compliance and payment of the dismissal fee to the Justice of the Peace, Precinct 3.
Please contact our office at 972-434-4750 before your appearance date regarding the dismissal process; we do not accept personal checks.
Current limited vaccine supply will be distributed to individuals within the following Department of State Health Services-defined Phases:
Direct healthcare workers (First and Second Tier) as defined within the DSHS Phase 1A Health Care Workers Definition
Residents of long-term care facilities
People 65 years of age and older
People 16 years of age and older with at least one chronic medical condition that puts them at increased risk for severe illness from the virus that causes COVID-19, such as but not limited to:
Vaccine stock is currently very limited throughout Texas, including Denton County. Primary care providers, pharmacies, hospitals, and DCPH have each received very limited supply, which has been rapidly depleted. You are encouraged to check with your personal primary care provider to determine their vaccine plans.
Recently designated by the state as a vaccine hub, our DCPH registration portal The Vaccine Interest Portal is still accepting registrations, though it has a queue of about 130,000 registrants. This site also has the latest information on vaccine availability and clinic dates.
A list of providers is available on the Texas Department of State Health Services under Find COVID-19 Vaccines.
COVID-19 vaccines are one of many important tools to help us stop this pandemic. COVID-19 vaccination will help protect you from getting COVID-19. You may have some side effects, which are normal signs that your body is building protection. The safety of the COVID-19 vaccine is a top priority. Common side effects include pain or swelling on the arm where you got the shot. You may also experience fever, chills, tiredness, or headache.
If your side effects are worrying you or do not seem to be going away after a few days, contact your healthcare provider. If you get a COVID-19 vaccine and you think you might be having a severe allergic reaction after leaving the vaccination site, seek immediate medical care by calling 911.
It is recommended that you receive your second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine at the same provider who administered your first dose. It is important to keep your vaccination card your provider will give you, so that you may access the manufacturer information, especially if you aren’t able to return to the same provider for your second dose. The two current vaccines (Moderna and Pfizer) are NOT interchangeable.
Yes, a person may receive a COVID-19 vaccine outside of their county or state of residence, if eligible.
Vaccines currently authorized and recommended to prevent COVID-19
mRNA (messenger RNA) vaccines have similar ingredients and require two doses for full protection. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine series is given 21 days apart, and the Moderna vaccine series is given 28 days apart. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is recommended for people aged 16 years and older, while the Moderna vaccine is recommended for those 18 years and older. In clinical trials the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was 95% effective at preventing laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 illness, while the Moderna vaccine was 94.1% effective at preventing laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 illness.
This new variant has not been around long enough to be tested with these two vaccines; however, medical experts believe that the vaccines will also be effective against the new variant.
The side effects from COVID-19 vaccination may feel like flu and might even affect your ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days. Learn more about what side effects to expect and get helpful tips on how to reduce pain and discomfort after your vaccination.
For the two-dose mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, the process of getting fully vaccinated takes over a month in total. You will get full protection from the vaccine usually 1–2 weeks after getting your second dose.
If you choose to get only one dose of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine, the amount of protection you may have is unknown. It is recommended that you complete the vaccine series unless you experience an allergic reaction after receiving the first dose. Other vaccines that only require one dose may be authorized for emergency use by the FDA in the coming weeks and months.
Yes. CDC recommends that during the pandemic people practice frequent handwashing, maintain social distancing, and wear a mask that covers their nose and mouth when in contact with others outside your household, when in healthcare facilities, and when receiving any vaccine, including a COVID-19 vaccine. Anyone who has trouble breathing or is unable to remove a mask without assistance should not wear a mask. For more information, visit considerations for wearing masks. There is not enough information currently available to say if or when CDC will stop recommending that people wear masks and avoid close contact with others to help prevent the spread of the virus that causes COVID-19. Experts need to understand more about the protection that COVID-19 vaccines provide before making that decision. Other factors, including how many people get vaccinated and how the virus is spreading in communities, will also affect this decision.
It is recommended that you receive your second dose at the same provider who gave you the first dose if possible. Please keep your vaccination card safe, especially if you plan to seek your second dose at a different provider; they will need to know the manufacturer of the vaccine you previously received, as the current mRNA COVID-19 vaccines are not interchangeable.
Your vaccine provider should give you a vaccination card with the date that you need to return for the second dose of the vaccine. Please keep this safe, as this is your record of receiving the first dose. DCPH will text and email reminders to its registrants when they are due for the second shot.
Your provider may require that you make an appointment for the second dose. You may also ask your provider about getting started with V-Safe, a free, smartphone-based tool that uses text messaging and web surveys to provide personalized health check-ins after you receive a COVID-19 vaccination. V-safe also reminds you to get your second dose. Learn more at www.cdc.gov/vsafe.
The Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) plan allows for providers to receive second doses for anyone they have vaccinated with a first dose. Efficacy of just one dose is unknown at this time, and it is recommended that you receive your second dose as close after the 21st day (for the Pfizer vaccine) or 28th day (for the Moderna vaccine). It is not recommended to receive your second dose sooner.
Medical experts are now saying that your second shot can come as late as 6 weeks after the first shot and still give protection, but advise that the shorter timeframes shown above are optimal.
Vaccines will be given at no cost. However, vaccination providers will be able to charge an administration fee for giving the shot to someone. Vaccine providers can get this fee reimbursed by the patient’s public or private insurance company or, for uninsured patients, by the Health Resources and Services Administration’s Provider Relief Fund. Vaccines given by DCPH are free of charge with no administration fee.
CDC recommends that people with a history of severe allergic reactions not related to vaccines or injectable medications—such as food, pet, venom, environmental, or latex allergies—get vaccinated. People with a history of allergies to oral medications or a family history of severe allergic reactions may also get vaccinated.
CDC has learned of reports that some people have experienced severe allergic reactions—also known as anaphylaxis—after getting a COVID-19 vaccine. As an example, an allergic reaction is considered severe when a person needs to be treated with epinephrine or EpiPen© or if they must go to the hospital.
Who should not get vaccinated:
Yes. Due to the severe health risks associated with COVID-19 and the fact that reinfection with COVID-19 is possible, you should be vaccinated regardless of whether you already had COVID-19 infection. If you were treated for COVID-19 symptoms with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma, you should wait 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine. Talk to your doctor if you are unsure what treatments you received or if you have more questions about getting a COVID-19 vaccine.
Experts do not yet know how long someone is protected from getting sick again after recovering from COVID-19. The immunity someone gains from having an infection, called “natural immunity,” varies from person to person. It is rare for someone who has had COVID-19 to get infected again. It also is uncommon for people who do get COVID-19 again to get it within 90 days of when they recovered from their first infection. We won’t know how long immunity produced by vaccination lasts until we have more data on how well the vaccines work.
Both natural immunity and vaccine-induced immunity are important aspects of COVID-19 that experts are working to learn more about, and CDC will keep the public informed as new evidence becomes available.
This program is for low-income families who travel on Texas highways.
Unlimited education assistance, one-time seat assistance. Parents must pre-register for the class. Registration is currently on hold due to COVID-19.
Salud Pública del Condado de Denton ofrece vacunas para niños de 0 a 18 años por medio del programa TVFC con los siguientes:
También vacunamos estudiantes de colegio sin seguro medico.
ImmTrac is a secure and confidential immunization registry available to all Texans. ImmTrac remembers which vaccines you’ve had when you can’t. This free service provided by the State of Texas safely stores all immunization records in one electronic system. Texas law requires written consent for ImmTrac participation and limits access only to providers that have been authorized by law.
Please visit the ImmTrac website for detailed information on participating in ImmTrac as a parent, individual, or healthcare provider. We can also help you sign up at either Denton County Public Health (DCPH) clinic!
Medical providers authorized to use ImmTrac can see what immunizations your child has already had, even if they were given in another city or county in Texas. So when your child comes in for shots, your child gets only those that he or she needs.
We can also sign you or your children up at both Denton County Public Health (DCPH) clinics; simply complete the appropriate forms and bring it and your complete shot record to either of our clinics.
Becoming a member of the Denton County Medical Reserve Corps is easier than you might think. All we require is that you attend one of our free Volunteer Orientations and complete some basic paperwork. Joining the Medical Reserve Corps is not a weekly or even monthly volunteer obligation. You will respond only during an emergency and only if you are available. Denton County provides free additional training to supplement your Orientation throughout the year but that training is also optional.
Your company or organization can encourage its employees and partners to become members of the Medical Reserve Corps. By doing so they can support the community during a large scale disaster or event. It is highly likely that if a catastrophic event occurred, your normal operating hours would be temporarily halted or significantly reduced because of the magnitude of the disaster. Our request will not place constraints upon your business or regular activities.
Training Denton County wants to ensure that our volunteers and their families are personally prepared to respond in a crisis. All Medical Reserve Corps members are provided with free optional training throughout the year. We offer a variety of training online and in-person to help augment your disaster response information. Volunteers can attend as much or as little as they feel they need. Our volunteers are also provided Go bags, and Response gear so that they are "ready" when they respond!
Contact the Denton County Medical Reserve Corps Coordinator at 940-349-2910 or visit the Denton County Medical Reserve Corps website. You can also check us out on our Denton County Medical Reserve Corps Facebook page.
Denton County has a wealth of documents and records available to the public. Members of the public seeking access to County records should contact the individual department that maintains the information:
If you’re not sure which department holds the records you need, send us an email or give us a call at 940-349-2370! Our customer service staff will help direct you to the correct department.
The presence of large hail indicates very strong updrafts and downdrafts within the thunderstorm. These are also possible indicators of tornadic activity.
Often large hail is observed immediately north of a tornado track. The presence of hail doesn’t always mean a tornado. And, the absence of hail doesn’t always mean there isn’t a risk of tornadoes.
There is no positive way to look at a thunderstorm in the distance and tell if it will produce hail reaching the ground.
Meteorologists use weather radar to "look" inside a thunderstorm. Since hail reflects more energy back to the radar than raindrops it often shows up in red shades.
The WSR-88D Doppler Radar can also estimate the size of the hail based on the amount of energy reflected back.
Fortunately, most hail is small - usually less than 2 inches in diameter
The largest hailstone ever recorded fell in Coffeyville, Kansas on September 3, 1970. It measured about 17.5 inches in circumference (over 5.6 inches in diameter) and weighed more than 26 ounces (almost 2 pounds)!
Hailstones can begin to melt and then re-freeze together - forming large and very irregularly shaped hail
It’s often difficult to get an accurate measurement of hail diameter - especially when it’s falling. When in doubt - play it safe and wait until the thunderstorm has moved away before going outside to measure the size of hail
Tax Sales are only held when Orders of Sale are issued from the District Courts in reference to tax judgments for delinquent taxes. Sales are not always scheduled each month. Real property is required by Texas law to be sold on the first Tuesday of the month. All counties have sales on the same day.
There is no formal registration process. You or your representative must be present in person for the sale.
Denton County requires payment in the form of a cashier’s check or money order for the total amount that was bid. Payment plans are not accepted. Payment is not required at the time of purchase. However, the total amount must be paid by 4 pm on the day of sale unless special arrangements are made with the Sheriff’s Department.
Special arrangements are sometimes made if the buyer banks out of state. No deposit is required before the sale.
A Sheriff’s Deed is issued to the purchaser.
All the expenses are included in the opening bid; however, there may be additional taxes due on the property that has accrued since the judgment was rendered.
All the property is sold - either to the public or to the taxing entity who received the judgment. If a property goes to the taxing entity - contact can be made with the attorney who represents that entity for purchase information.
The sale notices are posted at the Denton County Courts Building, at the Courthouse Annex in Lewisville and at the Denton County Sheriff’s Office (visible 24 hours a day).
Storm Water begins its life as precipitation, the rain falling from a storm.
However, even if it never rained, we would still have to worry about the issues associated with Storm Water. Watering your lawn can cause any chemicals applied to the lawn to flow down into the storm drain systems. That is why it important to not place potentially harmful substances down storm drains. Those substances will travel straight to a lake or stream completely untreated!
The fact that Storm Water enters our lakes and streams directly, without being treated, is why it is such an issue. Denton County is one of the fastest-growing areas in the nation, which makes stormwater pollution a priority in our area. The total population for Denton County is projected to exceed 1 million by 2030. That is just a few years to more than double the current population of people living inside the county boundary.
This means that more storm sewer systems will be installed. Urban Storm Water runoff is now seen as one of the primary sources of water pollution across the United States. While Storm Water does enter our lakes and streams untreated, it does not have to enter them polluted. It is up to each of us to do our part to keep our water clean. Help keep harmful substances out of our:
Then, the water that enters our lakes and streams will be no more polluted than the rain that fell from the clouds.
Within Denton County, there are several groups, companies, and governmental agencies responsible for keeping our waters clean. However, the individual is the person who can have the greatest influence on keeping our water clean.
Denton County is held responsible for contaminated Storm Water once it enters a County-owned Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4). However, the County is working hard with other organizations, governments, and companies to keep pollutants out of water. The County is also committed to working with individuals and others to get the message out to the general public.
Many substances can enter our waterways and affect the quality of our water. This includes:
The primary source of these pollutants is households. They enter our waterways when individual citizens dispose of these substances improperly or do not follow the application recommendations.
Denton County has been identified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) as a regulated small Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4). The Denton County Storm Water Management Program is presented to TCEQ showing how Denton County plans to improve the quality of Storm Water.
Different departments within Denton County are working together to reduce the potential for Storm Water pollution. Other employees will be keeping track of training events that help spread the message about Storm Water. Other employees are responsible for making sure the County is in compliance with State Regulations. Included in the Storm Water Management Program is an effort to raise individual awareness about everyone can take to reduce pollution.
The Storm Water Management Program is being implemented across the entire unincorporated County area.
There will be a focus within the unincorporated areas. However, it is important that the County begin implementing the program over as broad an area as possible. Particularly in the area of raising awareness. With development occurring, it benefits the citizens if adjacent residents understand the impacts of Storm Water runoff. Also, for families moving into new homes in the more densely populated areas.
It should also be noted that other cities within the County have programs similar to those the County has created. These cities are responsible for the Storm Water Programs within their municipal boundaries but have limited influence on the areas surrounding them. The County will work with these cities to reduce duplicate efforts and to maximize the effectiveness of all programs.
Many of the measures were in place before the (Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations were passed. The EPA has since passed administration of the program on to Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ). The State issued the most recent Small MS4 General Permit, Texas Pollutant Discharge Elimination Systems (TPDES) Permit Number TXR040000 on January 24, 2019. View the Small MS4 General Permit (PDF). It authorizes the discharge of stormwater to surface water in the state from small municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s). Denton County has 180 days to submit its Stormwater Management Program (SWMP) permit application to TCEQ. View submitted SWMP (PDF). Every year for the duration of the permit Denton County is required to submit an annual report to TCEQ stating how the stormwater management program is being followed. View the Annual Report (PDF).
Each year Denton County moves forward with implementing more components of the program than were in place beforehand. To help guide Denton County in its stormwater management program the County participates in many programs with the North Central Texas Council of Governments. The North Central Texas Council of Governments (NCTCOG) is able to approach Storm Water issues on a more regional scale and brings together people from different organizations to share ideas.
Beer and wine renewals are only handled at the Denton location between the hours of 8 am to 4:30 pm, Monday through Friday.
Denton County Tax Office1505 E McKinney StreetDenton, TX 76209Phone: 940-349-3500
The Denton County Tax Office accepts cash, money order, or business checks for payment of alcoholic beverage fees. No personal checks are accepted.
Beer and wine permits cannot be renewed more than 30 days prior to the expiration date.
Yes. A $100 late fee will be charged between the 1st and 30th day following the expiration date.
If a permit is not renewed until after 30 days of the expiration date you will be required to cease alcoholic beverage sales and file a new application with the Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC).
All applications for liquor licenses must be obtained through the Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC). Complete the application and submit it along with payment of the applicable fees to TABC.
Fees can vary for different types of permits. Please contact Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC) for more information. Keep in mind that the TABC application fees and surcharges do not include fees due to Denton County which will equal half of the state fee. The Denton County Tax Office will send you a notice regarding the county fees that are due.
State fees and surcharges will be paid to Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC). Please contact the local or state TABC office for more information on where to pay those fees. The Denton County Tax Office will send you a notice of payment due for the county portion of renewal fees. The county fees (once you have received your notice) may be paid in person at the Denton office only or by mail.
Applications are obtained from and processed by the Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC). You can either send a written request or print an application from the TABC website.
All applications for a new permit must be processed by the Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC); however, there will be fees due to the Denton County Tax Office. These county fees will be equal to half of the state fees. Keep in mind that these fees will be charged in addition to the state fees and surcharges.
Once your new application is complete, take it to the Denton County Tax Office location in Denton along with payment for the state fees, surcharge, and county fees. The tax office will then issue a temporary receipt.
Once Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC) has completely processed your application you will receive, by mail, the original permit which must be displayed in plain view on the premises where the alcoholic beverages are being sold.
Fees vary for different types of permits. Please contact Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC) for more information at 817-652-5912
Tax bills for each year are mailed in October. Taxes are due upon receipt of the statement and are delinquent if not paid on or before January 31st of the year following the year in which the tax was imposed.
If you mail payment for your taxes, the envelope must be postmarked by the U.S. Post Office no later than January 31st.
Example: 2017 Tax Bills are due no later than January 31, 2018. A payment with a U.S. Post Office postmark dated January 31, 2018 or earlier will be considered timely paid regardless of the date the mail was received.
Online payment services experience extremely high volumes January 31st. If you use online services to pay property taxes, please note tax payments made by 11:59 pm (midnight) central standard time on January 31st will be considered as timely payments.
If you do not receive a bill, please contact the Property Tax office or access our website for a copy of your bill.
Failure to receive a tax bill does not affect the validity of the tax, penalty, or interest, the due date, the existence of a tax lien, or any procedure instituted to collect a tax (section 31.01 (g), Texas Property Tax Code).
Due to the high volume of property tax mail-in payments, please allow a minimum of 7 to 10 business days for processing.
Original tax statements are sent to all taxpayers. A duplicate statement will be mailed to your mortgage company if requested by them. If your mortgage company did not request the statement, write your loan number on the statement and send it immediately to the mortgage company.
If taxes are not paid by January 31st, penalties and interest will accrue are follows:
Penalty reaches a 12% maximum and interest will increase 1% each month thereafter.
Personal property and mobile home accounts not paid in full by March 31st of the year in which they become delinquent will be referred to the delinquent tax attorney for enforced collection and will incur an additional penalty equal to 15% to 20% of the total taxes, penalties, and interest due.
All real property accounts not paid in full by June 30th of the year in which they become delinquent will be referred to the delinquent tax attorney for enforced collection and will incur an additional penalty equal to 15% to 20% of the total taxes, penalties, and interest due.
State law automatically places a tax lien on the property on January 1 of each year to ensure that taxes are paid. The person who owns or acquires property on or after January 1 of the tax year is personally liable for the tax. A person is not relieved of the obligation because he no longer owns the property. (Section 32.07, Texas Property Tax Code).
We accept cash in person and checks, cashier’s checks, or money orders in person or by mail. Credit card payments can be made in our office with an additional convenience fee.
Payments may also be made online. Payments made by eCheck do not have an additional convenience fee. Payments made by credit, debit or eCheck are posted "pending" until funding occurs. It is important when paying by eCheck that the bank routing and account number are accurately entered for proper posting. Please allow a minimum of 7 to 10 business days for processing.
We also accept wire transfer and Automated Clearing House (ACH) payments. Please contact the Property Tax office for details.
Partial payments are accepted; however, any remaining amount not paid by January 31st will begin to accrue penalty and interest. Should you wish to make partial payments beginning in October when you receive your statement, please write your property account number on your check with the words "Partial payment" in remarks.
Only taxpayers with an over-65 or Disabled Person Exemption may pay current taxes on their homestead residence in four installments without penalty or interest; however, the taxpayer must request the quarterly payments in writing and must pay at least:
If an installment is missed, the 6% penalty is imposed and interest begins to accrue.
The Tax Assessor-Collector is restricted from waiving or deferring penalty and interest on a delinquent property tax
Penalty and interest fees resulting from failure to timely pay a property tax are statutory.
Only the governing body for the taxing unit(s) that imposes a tax on a property may authorize the waiver of a penalty and interest under specific criteria.
Failure to send or receive the tax bill does not affect the validity of the:
(section 31.01(g), Texas Property Tax Code).
Penalty and Interest may only be waived on a delinquent tax under specific circumstances. The Texas Property Tax Code is very strict pertaining to the waiver of penalty and interest. (section 33.011, Texas Property Tax Code).
Payment must be made; including penalty and interest, within 21 days from the date the taxpayer knew or should have known taxes are due. (section 31.011 (d)(g), Texas Property Tax Code).
Exemptions reduce the taxable value of your property and lower the tax amount billed. Common exemptions are:
To file for an exemption, contact the appraisal district in your county.
Contact the appraisal district in your county.
The Department of Transportation and Engineering maintains road in the un-incorporated area that has been approved by Commissioners Court. You can complete a "Request for Assistance" form and all our roads that we maintain will be available for you to select from. If the road you are looking for is not found in the list, you can give us a call at 940-349-3430 and we will help you determine who’s jurisdiction the road is in.
The interactive Landmark Map can help you determine if your road is county maintained as well. Just turn on the transportation layer and all the county maintained roads will be displayed in either blue or green.
Complete our "Request for Assistance" form and we will take care of it.
The ROW on a County Road is 60 feet that are 30 feet in each direction from the center of the road.
Most all new driveway entrances or changes to an existing entrance require a permit. You apply for these permits with Development Services.
The County does not allow signs to be placed within the Counties Right-Of-Way.
If the ditch is on a County Maintained Road, our department can assist you. Give us a call or fill out a Request for Assistance and we will work with you to resolve the concern.
To change a speed limit on any of our County Maintained roads requires a speed study and a public hearing.
November 08, 2022Denton CountyElecciones generales y especiales8 de Noviembre de 2022Condado de Denton
Denton County Special ElectionElección Especial de la Condado de Denton
DENTON COUNTY PROPOSITION APROPOSICIÓN A DE LA CONDADO DE DENTON
"THE ISSUANCE OF $650,000,000 GENERAL OBLIGATION BONDS FOR CONSTRUCTING, IMPROVING, REPAIRING AND MAINTAINING ROADS, BRIDGES AND HIGHWAYS WITHIN DENTON COUNTY, INCLUDING CITY, STATE AND COUNTY STREETS, ROADS, HIGHWAYS AND BRIDGES AND PARTICIPATION WITH FEDERAL, STATE AND LOCAL PUBLIC ENTITIES RELATED TO SUCH IMPROVEMENTS AND THE IMPOSITION OF A TAX SUFFICIENT TO PAY THE PRINCIPAL OF AND INTEREST ON THE BONDS."
"LA EMISIÓN DE BONOS DE OBLIGACIÓN GENERAL POR $650,000,000 PARA LA CONSTRUCCIÓN, MEJORA, REPARACIÓN Y MANTENIMIENTO DE CARRETERAS, PUENTES Y AUTOPISTAS DENTRO DEL CONDADO DE DENTON, INCLUYENDO CALLES, CARRETERAS, AUTOPISTAS Y PUENTES DE LA CIUDAD, DEL ESTADO Y DEL CONDADO Y LA PARTICIPACIÓN CON ENTIDADES PÚBLICAS FEDERALES, ESTATALES Y LOCALES RELACIONADAS CON DICHOS MEJORAS Y LA IMPOSICIÓN DE UN IMPUESTO SUFICIENTE PARA PAGAR EL CAPITAL E INTERESES DE LOS BONOS."
 FOR A FAVOR
 AGAINST EN CONTRA
Strategic funds are funds that will be used to advance projects that are not clearly identified at this time. Since the implementation of bond programs actually take years or decades to fully expend, many new projects or needs are identified during that time. The strategic funds, if approved by voters, would be used by the members of Commissioners Court to conduct engineering, right of way acquisition and utility relocation for new projects.
Call SPAN Transportation at 940-382-1900 to schedule your ride to the VA.
Claims for service connection are so complicated that they should only be attempted with a counselor’s assistance. We have four counselors in this office that understand the VA and how to apply the law to our benefit. Call our office at 940-349-2950 for more information.
This office understands the law under which the VA must operate, Title 38 Code of Federal Regulations. We apply the law in the interest of the veteran not the VA.
She may be eligible for $90 per month in lieu of the $45 she gets now if her deceased spouse was a combat era veteran.
The VA provides a pension for veterans of a war time era that are permanently and totally disabled, based on income. We would have to review your income to determine how much would be available from the VA.
No, the VA will not directly fill a civilian doctor’s prescriptions. However, if you are eligible to use VA medical facilities you can take those prescriptions to a doctor’s appointment. The attending physician can prescribe similar medicines for you at a charge of generally $9 co-pay per prescription.
Yes, the Dallas-Fort Worth National Cemetery opened in May 2000. It is located at 2191 Mountain Creek Parkway, the phone number is 214-467-3374. No, you can’t make a reservation. Your funeral director knows the procedures.
The VA will provide:
Yes, there are three primary medical facilities located in the North Texas area. First, is the Dallas VA medical Center located at 4500 S Lancaster in South Dallas, telephone 800-849-3597. Second, is the Fort Worth Outpatient Clinic located at 300 W Rosedale, telephone 800-443-9672. Third, is the Sam Rayburn Memorial Veterans Center located at 1201 E 9th Street in Bonham, Texas.
There is a fourth VA facility, the Denton Community Based Outpatient Clinic, located at:2223 Colorado BoulevardDenton, TX 76205Phone: 940-891-6350
It is behind the Golden Triangle Mall and next to the Sonic Drive-in.
Hopefully, you registered it with your local county clerk upon returning home. If so, it would be readily available to you. If not, we will submit a request from to the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) requesting a copy be sent to you. You should receive requested copy in six weeks.
Yes, there is. Come into our office with a copy of your discharge papers and we will complete a form that will be sent to the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) for replacement medals and awards. We understand that the system is greatly backlogged at the current time; however, all requests will ultimately be filled. Generally, there is no charge for medal or award replacements.
Veterans Courts are programs specifically designed for those service members with a service related injury. Or, with a disorder that results in being charged with a crime. Many are also struggling with substance use and/or drug use. The focus is placed on counseling and treatment of underlying conditions rather than on punishment. The ultimate goal of the court is to provide a pathway within the criminal justice system to get our combat veterans’ new lives back on track.
Denton County reported its first case of West Nile Virus in 2002.
During and after the 2012 West Nile virus season, Denton County Health Department (DCHD) immediately started working on plans for the 2013 season. The goal was to continue with what was done well and take lessons learned from 2012 to make improvements next year. Denton County’s plans include:
Case investigations are an everyday job function at the Health Department, and our investigation procedures are dictated by DSHS and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). There are 78 diseases that health care providers are required to report to their county health department, and the West Nile Virus is one of them. If a case is reported, the Health Department will then investigate, and will contact the patient and/or health care provider if necessary.
In some cases, contact with DSHS is necessary for clarification before a case can be ruled out or confirmed as West Nile Virus. If a case is confirmed, Denton County Health Department contacts the city of residency first as a courtesy. No patient information is ever released, in order to protect the patient’s privacy. The main source of current Denton County case information is on our West Nile Virus page.
Each municipality (city or town) in Denton County set up its own mosquito control program. Please contact your municipality to find out what program they have established. The Denton County Health Department is responsible for the unincorporated areas of Denton County.
West Nile virus (WNV) is a potentially serious virus that is transmitted by mosquitoes that affect the nervous system. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is established as a seasonal epidemic in North America, and the season typically stretches through summer and into fall.
Most often, the West Nile Virus (WNV) is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. In a very small number of cases, WNV has been spread through blood transfusions, organ transplants, breastfeeding, and mother-to-child during pregnancy. WNV is not spread through casual contact (such as touching, or kissing).
There is no specific treatment for West Nile Virus (WNV) infection. In milder cases, people experience symptoms such as fever and aches that pass on their own, although the illness can last weeks to months. In serious cases, a person may have to be hospitalized and given supportive treatment (e.g. intravenous fluids, help with breathing), along with nursing care. There is no vaccine for WNV, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with partners to develop one.
Yes. West Nile Virus (WNV) can infect just about any animal, including dogs and cats - however, the good news is they rarely, if ever, become sick from the virus. Equines appear to be the only domestic animal adversely affected by WNV, and there is a vaccine available. There is no proof that WNV can be spread from person to person or from animal to person.
Larvicides are products used to kill immature mosquitoes before they become adults. They can be either biological (such as toxin from specific bacteria that is lethal to mosquito larvae but not to other organisms) or chemical products, such as insect growth regulators, surface films, or organophosphates. Larvicides are applied directly to water sources that hold mosquito eggs or larvae. When used well, larvicides can help to reduce the overall mosquito burden by limiting the number of new mosquitoes that are produced.
An example of a larvicide is Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (BTI), which comes in products known as mosquito “dunks” or “donuts.” Adulticides are products used to kill adult mosquitoes. Adulticides can be applied from hand-held sprayers, truck-mounted sprayers, or using airplanes. Adulticides, when used well, can have an immediate impact to reduce the number of adult mosquitoes in an area, with the goal of reducing the number of mosquitoes that can bite people and possibly transmit the West Nile Virus. Both larvicides and adulticides are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Chemical control measures are one part of a comprehensive and integrated mosquito management program. An integrated program is the most effective way to prevent and control mosquito-borne diseases. An integrated mosquito management program should include several components:
Control measures, including the decision to use chemical adulticides (pesticides to kill adult mosquitoes), should be based on surveillance data and the risk of human disease.
Adult mosquito control may be undertaken to combat an outbreak of mosquito-borne disease or a very heavy nuisance infestation of mosquitoes in a community. Pesticides registered for this use are known as adulticides and are applied either by aircraft or on the ground employing truck-mounted sprayers. State and local municipalities commonly use the organophosphate insecticides malathion and naled and the synthetic pyrethroid insecticides permethrin, resmethrin, and sumithrin for adult mosquito control. Check with your municipality to determine the exact adulticides used, if any.
Mosquito adulticides are applied as ultra-low volume (ULV) sprays. ULV sprayers dispense very fine aerosol droplets that stay aloft and kill flying mosquitoes on contact. ULV applications involve small quantities of pesticide active ingredient in relation to the size of the area treated, typically less than 3 ounces per acre, which minimizes exposure and risks to people and the environment. Adulticides can be used for public health mosquito control programs without posing unreasonable risks to the general population or to the environment when applied according to the pesticide label. More information on pesticides commonly-used in public health mosquito control programs is available at the Environmental Protection Agency’s Pesticides website.
Effect on human health is one of the primary factors considered in the regulation of pesticides. Pesticides that can be used for mosquito control have been judged by the Environmental Protection Agency not to pose an unreasonable risk to human health. People who are concerned about exposure to a pesticide, such as those with chemical sensitivity or breathing conditions such as asthma can reduce their potential for exposure by staying indoors during the application period (typically nighttime).
A published study, (MMWR, July 11, 2003) examined illnesses in nine states associated with exposure to pesticides used to control mosquito populations from 1999 through 2002. This study found that and "application of certain insecticides poses a low risk for acute, temporary health effects among persons in areas that were sprayed and among workers handling and applying insecticides." This article can be viewed online. For more information on pesticides and health, consult the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, which oversees the registration of these chemicals. The National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) can also provide information through a toll-free number, 800-858-7378 or online.
If you are experiencing health problems for any reason it is important to see your health care provider promptly. If you are experiencing severe health problems go immediately to an Emergency Room.
A great deal of research must be done before pesticides can be used in the environment. The best source for finding out about the pesticides used in your area, and their effect on specific types of wildlife, is with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, which oversees the registration of these products. The National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) can also provide information through a toll-free number, 800-858-7378 or online.
Each state has mandated training and experience requirements that must be met before an individual can commercially apply pesticides. In addition, these applicators must follow the instructions and precautions that are printed on the pesticide label. All pesticide products are required to have a label that provides information, including instructions on how to apply the pesticide and precautions to be taken to prevent health and environmental effects. All labels are required to be approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Questions concerning specific pesticides can be directed to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, as this agency has responsibility for the registration of pesticides. Many issues are addressed on the Environmental Protection Agency’s Mosquito Control website. The National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) provides pesticide information and questions about the impact of pesticide use on human health. NPIC is cooperatively sponsored by Oregon State University and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. NPIC can be reached online or toll-free at 800-858-7378.
Your city or town may or may not be using larvicides and adulticides for mosquito control. Check with your municipality to be sure. Another resource to learn more about mosquito control is the American Mosquito Control Association.
While it is true that certain types of birds and bats eat mosquitoes, putting up bird and bat houses on your property will not necessarily help prevent the transmission of the West Nile Virus. Several agencies have tried to control mosquitoes by using birds, bats, dragonflies, and frogs. However, according to the American Mosquito Control Association, there is no proof that bats, purple martins, or other animals that eat insects are able to eat enough adult mosquitoes to make a difference.
One reason for this is because purple martins fly and eat during the day and most mosquitoes are active at night. In addition, most bats eat June bugs and moths but do not eat mosquitoes. Also, bats can transmit the rabies virus, and encouraging them to live in your yard could pose a health risk to your family and neighbors.
Mosquito control can be divided into two areas of responsibility - individual and public. Public spraying to control mosquitoes is just one of many pest control methods used for effective long-term mosquito control. The reduction, elimination, or treatment of mosquito breeding areas is the best and most cost-effective technique for mosquito control. The most important things you and the citizens of your community can do to reduce the risk of exposure to the West Nile Virus are to eliminate mosquito-breeding areas in your environment and limit your exposure to feeding mosquitoes. Many female mosquitoes can lay 100 to 300 eggs on the surface of fresh or stagnant water every third night during its life span.
Here are some simple things you can do to eliminate potential mosquito breeding sites in your environment:
No. West Nile Virus is spread to humans mainly through the bite from an infected mosquito. There is no proof that West Nile virus can be spread from person to person or from animal to person.
West Nile Virus transmission to people only occurs from the bite of an infected mosquito. Keep in mind, most people who become infected with West Nile Virus will have no symptoms at all. About 20% of people infected with West Nile Virus may develop mild flu-like symptoms. Less than 1% of those bitten by infected mosquitoes become severely ill.
To be tested for the West Nile Virus, you should contact your health-care provider. If necessary, a blood sample will be taken and sent to a laboratory for testing. Some states and jurisdictions are no longer collecting dead birds because they have sufficiently established that the virus is in an area, and additional testing will not reveal any more information. Shifting resources away from testing of dead birds allows those resources to be devoted elsewhere in surveillance and control.
You are right. Studies show that they actually attract mosquitoes into your yard. In addition, most insects killed by bug zappers include moths, beetles, and other harmless bugs - not mosquitoes. Mosquito control products are big business.
Americans have invested billions of dollars in zappers, repellers, and other products that claim they will keep pesky mosquitoes from biting. In almost every case, the merits of the product are rarely backed with scientific testing. All products should be thoroughly researched before you purchase them. Your best bet would be to use a proven method for keeping your home and property mosquito-free.
Some states and jurisdictions are no longer collecting dead birds because they have sufficiently established that the virus is in an area, and additional testing will not reveal any more information. Shifting resources away from testing of dead birds allows those resources to be devoted elsewhere in surveillance and control.
West Nile Virus is a virus commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East. It is closely related to St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect:
The most severe type of disease due to a person being infected with the West Nile virus is called "neuroinvasive disease" because it affects a person’s nervous system. It is characterized by:
Symptoms can last weeks to months, and can even result in death. West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) only infects approximately 1% of people who have been bitten by a West Nile fever (WNF) - carrying mosquito. West Nile fever is another type of illness that can occur in people who become infected with the virus. It is characterized by:
Although the illness can be as short as a few days, even healthy people have been sick for several weeks. WNF infects approximately 20% of people who have been bitten by a WNF - carrying mosquito.
It is not known how long it has been in the U.S, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) scientists believe the virus has probably been in the eastern U.S. since the early summer of 1999, possibly longer. It is now established as a seasonal epidemic in North America.
Typically, the season lasts from the summer months and into the fall.
Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds, which may circulate the virus in their blood for a few days. Infected mosquitoes can then transmit West Nile Virus to humans and animals while biting to take blood. The virus is located in the mosquito’s salivary glands. During blood feeding, the virus may be injected into the animal or human, where it may multiply, possibly causing illness.
Usually 3 to 14 days.
Symptoms of West Nile fever will generally last a few days, although even some healthy people report having the illness last for several weeks. The symptoms of severe disease (West Nile neuroinvasive disease) may last several weeks or months, although neurological effects may be permanent.
If you believe you have West Nile Virus, see your health care provider. He/she will do a clinical exam and will run blood tests or spinal fluid tap if necessary. If a case is suspected by your health care provider, he/she is required to report that information to the Health Department. The Health Department will then investigate every case, and will contact you if necessary. There are 78 diseases that health care providers are required to report to their county health department, and West Nile Virus is one of them.
No. Illnesses related to mosquito bites are still uncommon, and only 20% of people bitten by a mosquito infected with West Nile Virus will develop symptoms. However, you should see a doctor immediately if you develop symptoms such as:
Patients with mild symptoms should recover completely, and do not require any specific medication or laboratory testing.
No. Your health care provider is required to report that information to the Health Department. The Health Department will then investigate every case, and will contact you if necessary. There are 78 diseases that health care providers are required to report to their county health department, and the West Nile virus is one of them.
We don’t think so. It is assumed that a person would develop a natural immunity to future infection by the virus and that this immunity would be lifelong. However, this immunity may wane in later years.
No, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with several partners towards developing a vaccine.
Various tests can be done. The type of test also depends on the kind of samples available (blood serum, cerebrospinal fluid, brain tissue, etc.). Samples may be tested to find antibodies to the West Nile virus, or there may be an attempt to isolate virus particles from the sample. Tests that can be done include:
In 1999, 62 cases of severe disease, including 7 deaths, occurred in the New York area. In 2000, 21 cases were reported, including 2 deaths in the New York City area. In 2001, there were 66 human cases of severe disease and 9 deaths. In 2012, there were 2,734 cases of severe disease and 243 deaths.
No reliable estimates are available for the number of cases worldwide of West Nile encephalitis, the disease caused by the West Nile Virus. For the latest up-to-date information, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website on West Nile Virus.
The first human death in Texas occurred on August 16th, 2002. In 2012, Texas reported 86 human deaths from the West Nile virus. For the latest up-to-date information on human cases in Texas, see the DSHS West Nile Virus home page on the Texas Health and Human Services website.
The risk is very low. Even in areas where the virus is circulating, very few mosquitoes are infected with the virus. Even if the mosquito is infected, less than 1% of people who get bitten and become infected will get severely ill. The chances you will become severely ill from any one mosquito bite are extremely small.
To report a die-off of birds, contact the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department’s Kills and Spills Team (KAST) at 512-389-4848 or visit the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department’s Kills and Spills Team website.
The Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) does not test birds for West Nile virus. Please do not contact DSHS if you find a dead bird. If you wish to dispose of a bird carcass, wear gloves and dispose of it in the garbage. As a reminder, whenever you handle an animal, you should wash your hands.
Yes. But they rarely, if ever, get sick. No cases of West Nile disease have been confirmed in dogs and cats. The virus can infect many species of animals, but few actually get the disease. Most infections have been identified in birds, but the West Nile virus has been shown to infect: