Justice Court Case Types

Debt Claim Cases

A debt claim case is a lawsuit brought to recover a debt by an assignee of a claim, a debt collector or collection agency, a financial institution, or a person or entity primarily engaged in the business of lending money at interest. The claim can be for no more than $10,000, excluding statutory interest and court costs but including attorney fees, if any.

Series 500 Through 507 & 508

Debt claim cases in justice court are governed by Rules 500 through 507 and 508 of Part V of the rules of Civil Procedure. To the extent of any conflict between Rule 508 and the rest of Part V, Rule 508 applies.

Eviction Cases

An eviction case is a lawsuit brought to recover possession of real property under Chapter 24 of the Texas Property Code, often by a landlord against a tenant. A claim for rent may be joined with an eviction case if the amount of rent due and unpaid is not more than $10,000, excluding statutory interest and court costs but including attorney fees, if any.

Series 500 Through 507 & 510

Eviction cases are governed by Rules 500 through 507 and 510 of Part V of the Rules of Civil Procedure. To the extent of any conflict between rule 510 and the rest of Part V, Rule 510 applies. It is a jurisdictional requirement that eviction cases be filed and prosecuted only in the Justice Court of the Precinct in the County in which the real property is located. It is the Plaintiff’s responsibility to be assured of the proper filing in the Justice Court Precinct.

Repair & Remedy Cases

A repair and remedy case is a lawsuit filed by a residential tenant under Chapter 92, Subchapter B of the Texas Property Code to enforce the landlord’s duty to repair or remedy a condition materially affecting the physical health or safety of an ordinary tenant. The relief sought can be for no more than $10,000, excluding statutory interest and court costs but including attorney fees, if any.

Series 500 Through 507 & 509

Repair and remedy cases are governed by Rules 500 through 507 and 509 of Part V of the Rules of Civil Procedure. To the extent of any conflict between Rule 509 and the rest of Part V, Rule 509 applies.

Small Claim Cases

A small claims case is a lawsuit brought for the recovery of money damages, civil penalties, personal property, or other relief allowed by law. The claim can be for no more than $10,000, excluding statutory interest and court costs but including attorney fees, if any.

Series 500 Through 507

Small claims cases are governed by Rules 500 through 507 of Part V of the Rules of Civil Procedure.